ジェームズ・マティス国防長官は来年2月に辞任する

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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

トランプ大統領は自身のツイッターで政権発足以来、国防長官を務めていたジェームズ・マティスが来年2月末で辞任すると発表した

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なぜ重要なのか:マティスは大統領の衝動に対するブレーキの役割を果たしていた。(ただその程度に関しては議論の余地がある。)しかし、ここ数ヶ月マティスがトランプに与える影響力は低下していると伝えられており、ティラーソンやマクマスターが去り更にジョン・ケリーとマティスが去った後、トランプの衝動を止めるブレーキはもはや存在しないでしょう。

そのタイミング:これは大統領が突如ISISへの勝利宣言と、シリア撤退&完全不介入宣言(地上部隊のみでなく空爆の中止も含む)を行なってからわずか1日後の出来事です。マティスはこの半ば思いつきの決定に拙速だとし反対していた。

注目すべき発言:

  • 以下は辞任に際してマティスからトランプへの書簡の一部抜粋。
  • 「アメリカは自由な世界に欠かせない国であるが、強力な同盟関係や、同盟国への敬意なくして国益を守ったり、その役割を担うことは決して出来ません。」
  • 「あなたは自分の考えにより合った国防長官を選ぶ権利がある。私はいま、この立場から退く事が正しいと信じています。」

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マティスの書簡:

I have been privileged to serve as our country's 26th Secretary of Defense which has allowed me to serve alongside our men and women of the Department in defense of our citizens and our ideals.

I am proud of the process that has been made over the past two years on some of the key goals articulated in our National Defense Strategy: putting the Department on a more sound budgetary footing, improving readiness and lethality in our forces, and reforming the Department's business practices for greater performance. Our troops continue to provide the capabilities needed to prevail in conflict and sustain strong U.S. global influence.

One core belief I have always held is that our strength as a nation is inextricably linked to the strength of our unique and comprehensive system of alliance and partnerships. While the US remains the indispensable nation in the free world, we cannot protect our interests or serve that role effectively without maintaining strong alliances and showing respect to those allies. Like you, I have said from the beginning that the armed forces of the United States should not be the policeman of the world. Instead, we must use all tools of American woes to prove for the common defense, including proving effective leadership to our alliances. NATO’s 29 democracies demonstrated that strength in their commitment to fighting alongside us following the 9-11 attack on America. The Defeat-ISIS coalition of 74 nations is further proof.

Similarly, I believe we must be resolute and unambiguous in our approach to those countries whose strategic interests are increasingly in tension with ours: It is clear that China and Russia, for example, want to shape a world consistent with their authoritarian model — gaining veto authority over other nations’ economic, diplomatic, and security decisions — to promote their own interests at the expense of their neighbors, America and our allies. That is why we must use all the tools of American power to provide for the common defense. My views on treating allies with respect and also being clear-eyed about both malign actors and strategic competitors are strongly held and informed by over four decades of immersion in these issues. We must do everything possible to advance an international order that is most conducive to our security, prosperity, and values, and we are strengthened in this effort by the solidarity of our alliances.

Because you have the right to have a Secretary of Defense whose views are better aligned with yours on these and other subjects, I believe it is right for me to step down from my positions. The end date for my tenure is February 28, 2019, a date that should allow sufficient time for a successor to be nominated and confirmed as well as to make sure the Department’s interests are properly articulated and protected at upcoming events to include Congressional posture hearings and the NATO Defense Ministerial meeting in February. Further, that a full transition to a new Secretary of Defense occurs well in advance of the transition of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in September in order to ensure stability within the Department.

I pledge my full effort to a smooth transition that ensure the needs and interests of the 2.15 million Service Members and 732.079 DoD civilians receive undistracted attention of the Department at all times so that they can fulfill their critical, round-the-clock missions to protect the American people.

I very much appreciate this opportunity to serve the nation and our men and women in uniform.

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